history of czech and slovak

What is the Difference Between Czech and Slovak?

(Last Updated On: November 30, 2023)

Czech vs Slovak

Suppose you’re planning on traveling to Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, or Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. In that case, you’ll find that many of the people you meet speak languages that sound pretty similar but are not at all related. Where did these dialects come from? What do they sound like? And how can you tell if someone is from Prague or Bratislava if they’re speaking in one of these languages? Let’s dive into the similarities and differences between Czech and Slavic languages and see what it takes to understand their speakers.

is czech and slovak the same

The Slovak Language

Slovakia is a country in Central Europe. Slovak culture is reflected in literature, music, dance, and architecture. The language is spoken in Slovakia today, which is referred to as modern or standard Slovak, was created by Martin Stropnický and other linguists during their work on various dialects of central Slovakia in 1836. During that year, attempts were made to develop a standardized written form of Slovak based on these multiple dialects. However, no significant use was ever seen until after World War I, when it became one of three official languages used by Ruthenia (which contained parts of what are now Ukraine, Poland, and Slovakia). Today’s version continues to be used alongside Ukrainian and Polish.

Slovakia has a democratic multi-party system with numerous political parties, established after the fall of communism in 1989.

comparison czech vs slovak

The medieval period in Slovakia:

The Habsburg empire is the informal and unofficial term used by many people to refer to the central European monarchy that ruled over a collection of lands from the 13th century to 1918.

The Slovaks comprised one of the smaller nationalities in the multi-ethnic Habsburg Empire. In 1910 around 2.1 million people professed their adherence to the Slovakian linguistic group, 3.8 % of the population of the total Habsburg Monarchy. In the late 19th century, 70 % of the Slovaks worked on the land, still characterized in this region mainly by the smallest of smallhold farms and outdated production methods and technologies.

The Communist Party of Slovakia is a communist party in Slovakia, formed in 1992 through the merger of the Communist Party of Slovakia – 91 and the Communist League of Slovakia.

Let’s see some of the communist leaders:

Slovak leaders from 1944-90

  • 1944–1945: Karol Šmidke
  • 1945–1951: Štefan Bašťovanský
  • 1951–1953: Viliam Široký
  • 1953–1963: Karol Bacílek
  • 1963–1968: Alexander Dubček
  • 1968: Vasiľ Biľak
  • 1968–1969: Gustáv Husák
  • 1969–1970: Štefan Sádovský
  • 1970–1988: Jozef Lenárt
  • 1988–1990: Ignác Janák

Prime Minister of the Slovak Socialist Republic (1969–1990)

  • 1969: Štefan Sádovský
  • 1969–1988: Peter Colotka
  • 1988–1989: Ivan Knotek
  • 1989: Pavol Hrivnák
  • 1989–1990: Milan ČičSlavic tribes population:

    Slavic people (Slavs) can be divided into three subgroups based upon their geographic and linguistic distribution: West Slavs (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia), East Slavs (Russia, Belarus, Ukraine), and South Slavs (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia.

how close is czech and slovak
difference between czech and slovak

The Language of the Czechs

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in central Europe. The Czech culture is weaved into traditional families culture.

In December 2017, Czech President Miloš Zeman appointed Andrej Babiš as the new Prime Minister. On 28 November 2021, Czech President Milos Zeman appointed opposition leader Petr Fiala as the country’s new prime minister.

The 20th century was a turbulent time for the Czech Republic, in which the country’s cultural identity was heavily shaped by two World Wars, Communism, and many social and artistic restrictions.

Before World War I part of Austria-Hungary, in 1918, the people of the Czech Republic and neighboring Slovaks joined together and formed the independent republic of Czechoslovakia. In World War II, occupied by the Germans in 1939. After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a member of the Warsaw Pact. Are you looking for a professional certified translation of Latin?

Historically, there were two main dialects of the Czech language: Western (Bohemian) and Eastern (Moravian). But when Czechoslovakia was created in 1918, both dialects (Czechoslovak language) were combined into one official standard form of language—Czech. Although many Moravians continue to speak a distinct dialect known as Moravian, most people living in both countries can understand each other.

However, some words are different and are used according to the region or social status. For example, koláč means cake in Prague but pie elsewhere; bankomat refers to an ATM in Prague but a cash point elsewhere; nádraží means train station in Prague but bus stop elsewhere; etcetera.

Czechs and Slovaks – The Two Sides of the Same Coin

Although both are Slavic languages, there is a significant difference between Czech and Slovak. The majority of linguists agree that they are, in fact, distinct languages. However, some still refer to them as two variations of one language. For example, recent Google Translate changes included subcategories for Czech and Slovak on its website interface, but not separate subcategories for each language.

The Difference between Czech and Slovak

The main difference between Czech Slovak has to do with pronunciation. The language spoken in both countries has only minor differences, but these differences create two distinct accents for speakers of each language. Language purists can tell you that some words are more commonly used in one language or another, but generally speaking, any word will sound OK if you pronounce it correctly. Likewise, anyone from either country can learn to pronounce words from the other country’s language with only a bit of practice.

czech vs slovak
Are Czech Slovak languages similar?

Approximately 80% of the language vocabularies are identical or similar. The Czech grammar and Slovak grammar are closely related as well: for example, both languages use inflection both for nouns and verbs. Still, there are many fun little differences between the languages.

What are the differences between languages of Czech and Slovak?

Czech Republic language has a more significant difference between spoken and written language. Slovak has a more logical and consistent grammar because, in Czech languages, all vowels that come after a historically soft consonant have turned into e’s and i’s, which applies to inflectional endings.

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